Don't let adulteration destroy the recycling of wa

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Recommended reading: don't let adulteration and counterfeiting destroy the recycling of waste paper

release date: Source: China Environment News Views: 3373 copyright and disclaimer

core tip: waste paper is one of the important raw materials of China's paper industry. Nearly 70% of China's paper comes from waste paper, while the amount of imported waste paper over the years accounts for 1/3 of China's total waste paper raw materials. Since July 2017, waste paper is one of the important raw materials in China's paper industry. Nearly 70% of China's paper comes from waste paper, while the amount of imported waste paper over the years accounts for 1/3 of China's total waste paper raw materials. Since the issuance of the notice on printing and distributing the implementation plan for prohibiting the entry of foreign garbage and promoting the reform of the solid waste import management system in July 2017, China has successively promulgated a series of policies, regulations and standards to strengthen the control of imported waste, continue to strengthen the prevention and control of imported waste pollution, severely crack down on foreign garbage smuggling, and strive to basically achieve zero import of solid waste by the end of 2020. Therefore, since 2018, China's waste paper import has been significantly reduced, while the domestic waste paper consumption has increased, which is set by the fact that the two sides began to negotiate and meet their needs. It can be predicted that domestic waste paper will become the main source of waste paper raw materials in China's paper industry in the future

the release of the pilot work plan for the construction of "waste free cities" in December 2018 marks a new stage in China's efforts to promote the reform of solid waste management system. However, the author found that there has been a long-term phenomenon of adulteration in the recycling process of waste paper in China, which has greatly affected the recycling quality and recycling efficiency of waste paper, and hindered the resource utilization of waste paper in China, which urgently needs attention. As the universal tensile testing machine system is a closed-loop system, it is mainly reflected in the following two aspects:

first, some waste paper processing enterprises, especially packaging carton manufacturing enterprises, have the phenomenon of "active counterfeiting". In the name of improving the strength of the carton, cement and other irrelevant heavy objects are mixed into the core paper layer of the packaging carton to increase the weight of the packaging carton to seek illegal interests. Such behavior will directly affect the use value of cartons, undermine the market trading atmosphere, and damage the rights and interests of consumers. It will also lead to a significant reduction in the recycling value of waste paper. If this kind of waste paper enters the production line of subsequent resource utilization enterprises, it will cause loss of its production equipment and make waste paper processing enterprises miserable. The increase of impurities such as unusable waste residue increases the pressure on the treatment and disposal of back-end solid waste, and the disposal methods of incineration and landfill increase the impact on the atmospheric environment, land resources and other aspects

second, the recycling process is not standardized and the supervision is not in place, and adulteration occurs from time to time. The main body of waste paper recycling in China is mainly composed of scavengers, individual traders and small recycling stations, which is difficult to form a system for management. On the one hand, driven by interests, some scavengers and traders will adulterate, water and adulterate recycled waste paper to increase the weight of waste paper. This bad atmosphere has even become a hidden rule of the industry. This is not conducive to the subsequent sorting and processing of waste paper, but also greatly affects the quality and recycling value of waste paper. On the other hand, due to the high adulteration of waste paper in all links and the lack of relevant environmental protection measures at most recycling and packaging sites in the city, non-standard recycling also produces secondary pollution of wastewater and solid waste, which has an adverse impact on the ecological environment of surrounding cities

at this stage, China's waste paper classification and recycling system has not been established and improved, and the tightening of imported waste paper raw materials has also led to the shortage of raw materials in China's waste paper industry. In this context, if we do not stop and crack down on the adulteration and counterfeiting chaos in the process of waste paper recycling in China in time, it will not only affect the quality of waste paper, cause a waste of valuable waste paper resources, and increase the burden on the ecological environment, but also run counter to the construction goal of "waste reduction and recycling" of waste free cities in China, which hinders the development of the construction of "waste free cities"

in order to improve the quality and efficiency of waste paper recycling and promote the benign development of waste paper recycling industry in China, the author suggests that we should start from the whole process of waste paper processing, production, circulation and recycling, work together with multiple departments to crack down on the adulteration of waste paper, promote the circular and efficient utilization of waste paper resources, increase the capacity of resources and reduce the pressure of the environment

break bad habits and strengthen supervision. According to the survey, the phenomenon of carton adulteration and counterfeiting is mostly the profit seeking behavior of all kinds of non-standard small paper enterprises, waste recycling personnel and recycling sites. Therefore, many departments should jointly strengthen supervision and strengthen "environmental protection, lightweight and energy saving" has become a hot topic nowadays, and the crackdown has been intensified. Market supervision and management departments should start with product quality supervision and severely crack down on the counterfeiting behavior of paper products processing enterprises. The competent department of commerce should strengthen the daily supervision of various waste recycling and packaging sites, strengthen the cleaning and rectification of non-standard recycling and packaging sites, and give priority to supporting the development of formal waste recycling enterprises. The competent department of ecological environment should continue to promote the environmental protection inspection of the waste paper processing and utilization industry, and clean up and rectify all kinds of "messy and dirty" paper enterprises; In addition, urban waste recycling sites can be included in the scope of environmental supervision to strengthen the inspection of their adulteration and secondary pollution

establish norms, unify standards, and standardize recycling. The control of recycling process is an effective guarantee to improve the quality of waste paper. We should speed up the establishment of China's waste paper recycling industry norms and improve the threshold of industry access. Implement unified waste paper classification and grading standards as soon as possible, improve the waste paper classification and recycling mechanism, improve the scale and refinement level of waste paper recycling, and improve the quality of waste paper. Innovate the recycling mode, promote the efficient and optimized allocation of waste paper resources, and avoid secondary pollution and ecological environment damage in the process of waste paper recycling. Combined with the construction of "waste free city", for household waste paper, we should further promote the classification and recycling of paper, packaging paper, cultural paper and other paper based on the "four classifications" of garbage

establish ideas, circular economy, and ideas first. In order to promote the construction of "waste free city", we should actively advocate green, circular and low-carbon production and lifestyle, improve the production and use proportion of green paper products, and promote the development of resource conservation and circular economy. Packaging paper is the main category of paper and paperboard products in China, accounting for more than 80% of the total amount of waste paper in China. The packaging paper industry should adhere to the concept of recycling and low carbon, vigorously promote green packaging, improve the recycling and regeneration efficiency of packaging paper products, and take the road of sustainable development. For China's current packaging cardboard and carton product standards, we should study and increase carton material requirements (such as multiple materials should be easy to separate), recycling performance, recyclability and other indicators, and put an end to the emergence of "cement carton" and other fake and inferior products that are not conducive to resource recycling

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